French 245B: Early Modern Studies — Topics in the History of the Book and Manuscript Studies — The Circulation Of the Written Word In Early Modern France and Italy (1450-1800)
Two readers/course companions will be used alternatively for this seminar and constitute required purchases:
— David Finkelstein and Alistair McCleery (eds), The Book History Reader, 2nd edition, London and New York, Routledge, 2006.
— Simon Eliot and Jonathan Rose (eds), A Companion to the History of the Book (in Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture series), Oxford, Wiley Blackwell, 2009.
Most secondary readings, rare books and manuscripts will be available for bSpace.
This¬†seminar introduces students to the fundamentals of book history (the¬†invention of the printing press, development and policing of the¬†book¬†market, and the material forms of the book), but also to what in the¬†field is now called scribal culture, that is the¬†continued circulation of¬†manuscripts during the age of the printing press¬†and, more generally, the lasting and constant competition between¬†books and manuscripts in the¬†high culture of early modern Europe.
The main aim¬†of this seminar is to provide students with a wide panorama of how the¬†written world circulated in early modern Europe¬†(dealing also, though¬†marginally, with posters and letters). Its central practical purpose¬†it to make students more capable of finding, analyzing, and¬†adequately¬†using print and manuscript sources they will need to study in the context¬†of their dissertations, so as to make them proficient at¬†extracting from these materials the information they need.
We will be¬†doing some early modern paleography and a minimal amount of codicology. We¬†will also be thinking about how European¬†libraries and archives developed¬†and are currently organized when it comes to early modern materials¬†(as this is often a consequence of the early¬†modern circulation and¬†conservation of these very materials and constitutes important practical¬†knowledge to have when working in those¬†archives).¬†One session of the¬†seminar will be devoted to an in-depth discussion of Dr. Filippo de Vivo‚Äôs¬†(History, Birkbeck College) current¬†research project on the comparative¬†history of archives in late medieval and early modern Italy¬†(this research project is funded by a four-year¬†European Research¬†Council Starting Grant).
The course will¬†also address the growing availability of early modern print and manuscript¬†sources over the internet, discussing in practical¬†terms how they¬†can best be found, searched and utilized, but also¬†raising epistemological questions regarding the drawbacks of immaterial¬†formats¬†when one is studying the material production and circulation of¬†texts.
This course¬†will be useful both to students of literature (in French as well as in¬†Italian, but also in English, Spanish and Portuguese or¬†German, as many of¬†the fundamentals of this history are similar in the rest of Europe)¬†and to historians in general. Historians of art and music will¬†also find¬†the course of interest, given how important rare books and manuscripts¬†sources now are for these fields as well. Historians of philosophy¬†with a curiosity for the materiality of ideas will also benefit from it.
We will¬†work both from primary sources (rare books and early modern manuscripts,¬†whether at the Bancroft Library or in digital formats)¬†and from the vast¬†body of secondary literature that has now developed in the field of¬†book and manuscript studies.
The course is taught entirely in¬†English, but for those students wishing to do the assigned paleography and codicology exercises on either French or Italian materials a reasonable reading knowledge of French and/or Italian will be needed. For those students possessing reading knowledge neither of French nor of Italian, alternative paleography and codicology exercises in either English, German, Latin and/or Ancient Greek can be set up, in consultation with the instructor. All students will be required to read all secondary readings in the English language, even when French and/or Italian materials are discussed therein.